Manual testing involves manually performing actions in a mobile app or website, searching for errors or other issues with the user interface. The purpose of manual testing is to identify errors, problems, and defects in a software application. Manual software testing is the most primitive method of all types of testing, and it helps to find critical errors in a software application.
Any new application must be tested manually before its testing can be automated. Manual software testing requires a lot of effort, but is necessary to test the possibility of automation. Manual testing does not require knowledge of any testing tool. One of the fundamental principles of software testing is "100% automation is impossible". This makes manual testing mandatory.
Such a specialist is always needed in a team. Developers mostly conduct the testing themselves, but they can't do it because they are unable to evaluate the product from the user's side and most often don't take that into account.
A manual QA tester also makes sure that the reported defects are corrected by the developers and that the testers re-test the corrected defects. Generally, this kind of testing checks the quality of the system and releases the product without errors. The tester participates in the development process from start to finish, working in parallel with the developers.
What a QA manual tester should know and be able to do
The technical skills of a manual tester include the following:
- Basic knowledge of database (SQL)
- Knowledge and practical experience with the test management tool is an important aspect of software testing. Without proper test management practices, the software testing process will fail. Test management is nothing more than artifact management.
For example, a tool like Testlink can be used to track all the test cases submitted by your team. There are also other tools that can be used to manage testing. That's why it is important to have the knowledge and experience of working with some of them. Again, this will depend on the company and what tools that company uses.
In addition to technical skills, the so-called soft skills will also be very important.
Analytical skills: a good software tester must have sharp analytical skills. They will help break down a complex software system into smaller blocks to gain a better understanding and create test cases. Communication skills. Testing artifacts (e.g. test cases/plans, test strategies, bug reports, etc.) created by a software tester should be easy to read and understand. Working with developers (in the event of bugs or any other problems) will require some openness and diplomacy.
In the IT field, technology is evolving at a staggering rate, and a good tester must constantly improve their technical software testing skills to meet changing technologies.
The average salary of a QA manual tester in Belarus ranges from $300 to $2000. But one should understand that the figure will depend on the experience and skills of the developer. In our experience, there were also cases when the client was ready to agree on the salary suggested by the candidate, if, of course, the latter was up to par.
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